The belief that our spirit is reborn after death has been held for thousands of years but still fascinates and divides experts in equal measure. Have scientists at the "home" of reincarnation research in the US managed to prove its existence?

The University of Virginia's Division of Personality Studies is housed in a simple, wood-frame house on the edge of the Charlottesville campus. The ring of its phones and manual typewriters evoke a bygone era but this is the powerhouse of revolutionary ideas about reincarnation.

Dr Ian Stevenson, a psychiatrist in his 80s, has spent over four decades studying thousands of children who apparently remember a past life. "I think reincarnation is the best explanation, though not the only one, for the strongest cases we have," he says.

It is a highly contentious claim. If reincarnation exists, it means the mind or consciousness can survive bodily death and continue in another life.

Hollywood recently generated more debate on the subject when Nicole Kidman played a woman who believes a 10-year-old boy is the reincarnation of her dead husband, in the film Birth. And Glenn Hoddle was sacked as England football coach in 1999 for causing offence with remarks about his beliefs.

Reincarnation does fly in the face of orthodox science, although it is a belief held by Buddhists and Hindus. Their interpretation goes further than the scientists because they believe the soul is cleansed by successive rebirths and actions in one life can impact on the next.

So have Dr Stevenson and his colleagues proved the case for reincarnation?

Some cases are from within the same family. But the most convincing examples are where a child talks about the life of a complete stranger. In Lebanon, Dr Stevenson studied the case of Imad. He found the family of the dead man he believed the boy was talking about, and took Imad to visit them for the first time.

"Imad knew where the dead man had tied his dog. And he pointed out the place where his bed had been. The deceased man had pulmonary tuberculosis, so he was isolated and his friends were only allowed to talk to him through a window. Imad knew about that."

Read more http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/magazine/4096019.stm

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